Category Archives: World Day

Doc-day2012

Happy Doctor’s day 2012 

The Doctor’s Day is celebrated on July 1 all across India (1) to honour the legendary physician and the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy. He was born on July 1, 1882 and died on the same date in 1962, aged 80 years. Dr Roy was honoured with the country’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna on February 4, 1961.

Every year Doctor’s Day is celebrated in India on the 1st of July. This observance fulfills a need to show the doctors and physicians in our lives how important they are to us and how invaluable their treatments are that cure us. The celebrations are indicative of the respect that they command in the lives of their patients and thus obligate them to fulfill their responsibilities as well.

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence – It’s No Laughing Matter

October is Domestic Violence awareness month. This is commemorated with a purple ribbon that you may have seen some wear on their lapel or maybe on their Twitter or Facebook avatar. Domestic violence is an epidemic that affects women in all communities regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background. There’s a common misconception that only uneducated or poor women experience domestic violence, or that it’s not a widespread problem.

Domestic violence, also known as domestic abuse, spousal abuse or intimate partner violence (IPV), can be broadly defined as a pattern of abusive behaviors by one or both partners in an intimate relationship such as marriage, dating, family, friends or cohabitation.[1] Domestic violence has many forms including physical aggression (hitting, kicking, biting, shoving, restraining, slapping, throwing objects), or threats thereof; sexual abuse; emotional abuse; controlling or domineering; intimidation; stalking; passive/covert abuse (e.g., neglect); and economic deprivation.[1] Alcohol consumption[2] and mental illness[3] can be co-morbid with abuse, and present additional challenges when present alongside patterns of abuse.

Domestic Violence in India: Causes, Consequences and Remedies

World Radiography Day

World Radiography Day

  • 8 November

Today is World Radiography Day and is encouraging all students and radiographers – diagnostic and therapeutic – to plan events. Open days, competitions, exhibitions, school visits and ideas to raise awareness of the profession are held by departments and higher educational institutions.

Radiography is the use of X-rays to view a cross sectional area of a non uniformly composed material such as the human body. By utilizing the physical properties of the ray an image can be developed displaying clearly, areas of different density and composition.

A heterogeneous beam of X-rays is produced by an X-ray generator and is projected toward an object. According to the density and composition of the different areas of the object a proportion of X-rays are absorbed by the object. The X-rays that pass through are then captured behind the object by a detector (film sensitive to X-rays or a digital detector) which gives a 2D representation of all the structures superimposed on each other. In tomography, the X-ray source and detector move to blur out structures not in the focal plane. Computed tomography (CT scanning) is different to plain film tomography in that computer assisted reconstruction is used to generate a 3D representation of the scanned object/patient.

Radiography started in 1895 with the discovery of X-rays, also referred to as Röntgen rays after Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen who first described their properties in rigorous detail. These previously unknown rays (hence the X) were found to be a type of electromagnetic radiation. It wasn’t long before X-rays were used in various applications, from helping to fit shoes, to the medical uses that have persisted. X-rays were put to diagnostic use very early, before the dangers of ionizing radiation were discovered. Indeed, Marie Curie pushed for radiography to be used to treat wounded soldiers in World War I. Initially, many kinds of staff conducted radiography in hospitals, including physicists, photographers, doctors, nurses, and engineers. The medical specialty of radiology grew up over many years around the new technology. When new diagnostic tests were developed, it was natural for the radiographers to be trained in and to adopt this new technology. Radiographers now often do fluoroscopy, computed tomography, mammography, ultrasound, nuclear medicine and magnetic resonance imaging as well. Although a nonspecialist dictionary might define radiography quite narrowly as “taking X-ray images”, this has long been only part of the work of “X-ray departments”, radiographers, and radiologists. Initially, radiographs were known as roentgenograms. [Read more]

World Ayurveda Day

World Ayurveda Day (Aswiyuja Bahula Trayodashi)

Dhanvantari (Sanskrit: धन्वंतरी; also Dhanvanthari), the God of Ayurveda emerged on Aswiyuja Bahula Trayodashi of Indian Lunar calendar. The star of the day is Hasta in 2010 World Ayurveda Day (starts at 7 PM of 3rd November till 3:58 PM of 4th November 2010). Dhanvantari is considered as an avatar of Vishnu from the Hindu tradition. Dhanvantari appears in the Vedas and Puranas as the physician of the gods, and the God of Ayurvedic medicine. It is common practice in Hinduism for worshipers to pray to Dhanvantari seeking his blessings for sound health for themselves and/or others. The Ayurveda Gods of Heath are many viz. Aswins (The star on full moon day of Aswiyuj is Ashwin), Dhanvantari (Dhanam means – Treasure; the treasures are many types and here in this context is Health), Shiva (es is male and eva is female – a hermaphrodite deity; a conjugational health of all mankind), Indra (), etc. each and every word of Indian philosophy and medicine is meaningful. The Hasta in Aswin star month is susceptible for the ill health, so the preventive celebration. In World Ayurveda Day, a celebration of Arogya Dhanvantari – the emergence of health treasure in their (own) hands and the rest those who are with health and wealth purchase Gold as symbolic to be happy and healthy. Laxmi pooja is performed when the tithi (Trayodashi) falls in evening. In 2010 Laxmi pooja is on 3rd November and Dhanvantari celebration is on 4t November. The next day of Dhanvantari celebration is Naraka-Chaturdashi (), where the killing of the bad organisms starts and continues till Deepaval (deepa – lamp and avali – is line = the rows of lamps) with happiness of detoxifying and infection free atmosphere celebrates “Deepavali”. May all healthy! Celebrate Deepavali (Diwali)!

World Vegan Day

1st November

World Vegan Day is an annual event celebrated on 1 November, by vegans around the world. The Day was established in 1994 by Louise Wallis, then President & Chair of the The Vegan Society UK. 2010 marks the 66th anniversary of the term ‘vegan’ (and thus the verbally clarified concept of ‘veganism’ and of the Vegan Society).

Other Global ‘Vegetarian Days’

If you are not already vegan then start today. It’s easy. It’s better for your health and for the planet. But most importantly, ethical veganism represents your commitment to justice, the abolition of animal exploitation, and nonviolence.

World Polio Day

24th October

World Polio Day

Read polio in detail at Ayurveda Online India

links :: UNICEF :: WHO

Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an acute viral infectious disease spread from person to person, primarily via the fecal-oral route.[1] The term derives from the Greek poliós (πολιός), meaning “grey”, myelós (µυελός), referring to the “spinal cord“, and the suffix -itis, which denotes inflammation.[2]

Although around 90% of polio infections cause no symptoms at all, affected individuals can exhibit a range of symptoms if the virus enters the blood stream.[3] In about 1% of cases the virus enters the central nervous system, preferentially infecting and destroying motor neurons, leading to muscle weakness and acute flaccid paralysis. Different types of paralysis may occur, depending on the nerves involved. Spinal polio is the most common form, characterized by asymmetric paralysis that most often involves the legs. Bulbar polio leads to weakness of muscles innervated by cranial nerves. Bulbospinal polio is a combination of bulbar and spinal paralysis.[4]

Poliomyelitis was first recognized as a distinct condition by Jakob Heine in 1840.[5] Its causative agent, poliovirus, was identified in 1908 by Karl Landsteiner.[5] Although major polio epidemics were unknown before the late 19th century, polio was one of the most dreaded childhood diseases of the 20th century. Polio epidemics have crippled thousands of people, mostly young children; the disease has caused paralysis and death for much of human history. Polio had existed for thousands of years quietly as an endemic pathogen until the 1880s, when major epidemics began to occur in Europe; soon after, widespread epidemics appeared in the United States.[6]

By 1910, much of the world experienced a dramatic increase in polio cases and frequent epidemics became regular events, primarily in cities during the summer months. These epidemics—which left thousands of children and adults paralyzed—provided the impetus for a “Great Race” towards the development of a vaccine. Developed in the 1950s, polio vaccines are credited with reducing the global number of polio cases per year from many hundreds of thousands to around a thousand.[7] Enhanced vaccination efforts led by the World Health Organization, UNICEF, and Rotary International could result in global eradication of the disease.[8]

Key facts

  • Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under five years of age.
  • One in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis (usually in the legs). Among those paralysed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized.
  • Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to 1997 reported cases in 2006. The reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.
  • In 2008, only four countries in the world remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988. The remaining countries are Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan.
  • Persistent pockets of polio transmission in northern India, northern Nigeria and the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan are the current focus of the polio eradication initiative.
  • As long as a single child remains infected, children in all countries are at risk of contracting polio. Between 2003 and 2005, 25 previously polio-free countries were re-infected due to imports of the virus.
  • In most countries, the global effort has expanded capacities to tackle other infectious diseases by building effective surveillance and immunization systems. Knowledge of the poliovirus has expanded with aggressive research carried out under the eradication effort.
  • Success for the effort hinges on closing a substantial funding gap to finance next steps of the global eradication initiative.
  • At the height of the polio epidemic in 1952, nearly 60,000 cases with more than 3,000 deaths were reported in the United States alone. However, with widespread vaccination, wild-type polio, or polio occurring through natural infection, was eliminated from the United States by 1979 and the Western hemisphere by 1991.

Signs and Symptoms

Polio is a viral illness that, in about 95% of cases, actually produces no symptoms at all (called asymptomatic polio). In the 4% to 8% of cases in which there are symptoms (called symptomatic polio), the illness appears in three forms:

  • a mild form called abortive polio (most people with this form of polio may not even suspect they have it because their sickness is limited to mild flu-like symptoms such as mild upper respiratory infection, diarrhea, fever, sore throat, and a general feeling of being ill)
  • a more serious form associated with aseptic meningitis called nonparalytic polio (1% to 5% show neurological symptoms such as sensitivity to light and neck stiffness)
  • a severe, debilitating form called paralytic polio (this occurs in 0.1% to 2% of cases)

Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. Announced to the world by Salk on April 12, 1955, it consists of an injected dose of inactivated (dead) poliovirus. An oral vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin using attenuated poliovirus. Human trials of Sabin’s vaccine began in 1957 and it was licensed in 1962.[1] Because there is no long term carrier state for poliovirus in immunocompetent individuals, polioviruses have no non-primate reservoir in nature, and survival of the virus in the environment for an extended period of time appears to be remote. Therefore, interruption of person to person transmission of the virus by vaccination is the critical step in global polio eradication.[2] The two vaccines have eradicated polio from most countries in the world,[3][4] and reduced the worldwide incidence from an estimated 350,000 cases in 1988 to 1,652 cases in 2007.[5][6][7] [wikipedia]

Global caseload

Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases in more than 125 endemic countries then, to 1997 reported cases in 2006. In 2008, only parts of four countries in the world remain endemic for the disease – the smallest geographic area in history.

The head of the World Health Organization’s polio eradication team has warned that India could reinfect the rest of the world with polio if a new outbreak of the disease is not rapidly brought under control. Officials are concerned by an “alarming” rise in the number of polio cases in the impoverished northern state of Uttar Pradesh, which has always been a troublesome epicenter of the disease. Because of the unexpected surge in cases there – with 121 cases recorded by the end of July, up from 12 in the same period last year – India is now the only country in the world where the incidence of polio is growing.

Polio remains significant among worldwide infectious disease threats

IDSA 48th Annual Meeting at VANCOUVER — A recent outbreak in Tajikistan has highlighted the fact that challenges remain for the polio eradication effort, in addition to other initiatives, according to findings presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. “Of course polio is present in south Asia and central and west Africa, but the big news in polio is the outbreak from Tajikistan to other countries from the former Soviet Union,” he said in a presentation. Dowell noted that both the number of cases and number of countries in which polio can be found are decreasing, but that the battle is far from over. [more reading]

Mutated virus confirms polio vaccine fears

A polio virus eradicated from India a decade ago has surfaced in a new avatar for a second consecutive year, paralysing three children and confirming long-standing fears about rare risks associated with the oral polio vaccine.

India has recorded a sharp drop in wild polio cases this year — 39 so far in contrast to 741 in 2009 — but one child in Tamil Nadu, and two children in Uttar Pradesh have been paralysed by vaccine-derived polio virus (VDPV) this year.

The VDPVs are mutated versions of the weakened, but live polio viruses used in the oral polio vaccine that have regained the ability to cause paralysis in humans. Such VDPVs first surfaced in India in 2009 — 17 cases in Uttar Pradesh, 3 in Bihar, and 1 in Assam.

Over the past decade, VDPVs have turned up in China, Egypt, Hispaniola, Finland, Indonesia, Myanmar and Pakistan. – “As long as oral polio vaccine continues to be used anywhere in the world, there will be a continued threat of VDPV and hence of outbreaks of (polio),” Philip Minor, a virologist at the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control in the UK, wrote last year in the journal Vaccine.  [more reading]

Join hands to eradicate Polio Globally

Iodine Problem – Focus