Beauty and strength are some of the most important things which are sought and craved by humans since ages. Everybody whether a king or a simple person have always tried to get strength and to attain everlasting beauty throughout their life. Great thinker Confucius has said “Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it”, even then physical attribute of beauty has always been a matter of pride. Becoming beautiful and then maintaining it has been a science and now it has attained a status of global business with very high growth rate. Parameters of beauty are not same all over the world; they change according to the culture, race and the region. Therefore “Health is Beauty” should be the motto of the masses.
Ayurveda has put special stress on optimum health or Swaasthya and stated that properly functioning Dosha, Agni, Dhatu, Mala along with the Atma, Mana and Indriya in the state of wellness are the sign of Swastha. Panchakarma is a very important part of Ayurvedic therapeutics, it helps not just to treat the diseases but also to keep the person healthy by means of Sanshodhana according to Dosha and the season.
Sanshodhana like Vamana and Virechana enhances intellect, improves function of sense and motor organs. It also improves digestion, maintains Dhatus and delays ageing (Ash.Hri.Su.18/60), eliminates toxins and maintains complexion (Ch.Su.15/22), helps for vitality, vigor and good progeny. (Ch.Su.16/18) Vamana corrects Medoroga and reduces obesity. It is also helpful for improving complexion and treatment of acne or Yuvan Pidika.
Besides this various small measures which are related with different aspects of Panchakarma prove to be beneficial for beauty, like Padabhyanga helps to improve vision and maintain delicacy and beauty of feet. (Cha.Su.5/88).
Abhyangam is one procedure of Poorvakarma which itself acts as Shaman procedure. It is famous world over and performed in different styles in different countries. Regular use of Abhyangam eliminates tiredness, improves skin turgor, vision, sleep and retards ageing process. (Ash.Hri.Su.2/7) Abhyantar use of Ghrita for snehana softens body and improves voice and complexion. It is also good for Rasa, Shukra, Ojas and treats Pitta and Vayu. (Ch.Su.13/14), maintains vision and vitality. (Ch.Su.13/41) Gandushadharana with Sneha firms teeth and improves perception of taste. (Su.Chi.24/7)
Swedana has vast action on body which is important from the beauty point of view also. It improves appetite, digestion, softens body, maintains good skin and eliminates impurities from body channels. (Su.Chi.32/12) Not to forget about different Mukha Lepa, those not only act on Dosha and Visha but also improve complexion. (Shar.U.11/1-2)
Basti is considered the half treatment in Ayurveda. Niruha Basti delays ageing, gives life with wellness, strength, good digestion, intellect, voice and good complexion, treats all diseases can be given all without causing any complication. (Ch.Si.1/27-28) Anuvasana given in the Body purified with Niruha, all the benefits mentioned above. (Ch.Si.1/29-30)
Nasya is another procedure which has been lauded for its action and benefits. Shamana Nasya acts on discoloration of skin, hair and ophthalmic problems; Regular use of Nasya makes skin, shoulder, neck, face and chest strong and lustrous. (Ash.Hri.Su.20/4)
Raktamokshana is the most commonly practiced procedure for beauty purpose. It acts on skin discoloration, boils, moles and bleeding disorders. (Ch.Su.28/11-12 & 24/18) Jalaukavacharana helps to treat boils on scalp – Arunshika (Ash.Hri.Su.24/22) where in case of Darunaka Siravedha is the treatment along with Nasya, Shirodhara and Lepa with honey. (Ash.Hri.Su.24/25-26) Indralupta – balding is treated with Siravedha followed by Pralepa. (Ash.Hri.Su.24/28)
Mukhadooshika – Acne are treated by means of Vamana, Nasya, Siravedha and Pralepa. (Ash.Hri.Su.32/3) Khalitya and Palitya are treated by Nasya, Abhyanga of face and head. (Ash.Hri.Su.24/22)
Above mentioned procedures are used on regular basis by Panchakarma Vaidya in classic form or in modified manner according to the availability of the resources and other conditions. This therapy is capable of giving perfect health if used properly and regularly thus helpful to make person Healthy and keeps him/her active i.e. Beautiful in true sense.
“Youth is happy because it has the capacity to see beauty. Anyone who keeps the ability to see the beauty never grows old.” – Franz Kafka
Vaidya Mrityunjay Vedprakash Sharma, Asso.Prof. Head – Dept. of Panchakarma, Shri Ayurved, Mahavidyalaya,Dhanwantari Marga, Hanuman Nagar, Nagpur 440 010