Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases, a unique specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist takes care of diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.
Dermatologists have been leaders in the field of cosmetic surgery. Some dermatologists complete fellowships in surgical dermatology. Many are trained in their residency on the use of botox, fillers, and laser surgery. Some dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures including liposuction, blepharoplasty, and face lifts. Most dermatologists limit their cosmetic practice to minimally invasive procedures. Despite an absence of formal guidelines from the American Board of Dermatology, many cosmetic fellowships are offered in both surgery and laser medicine. || Read More||
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Evaluation of Dhatri Avaleha as adjuvant therapy in Thalassemia (Anukta Vyadhi in Ayurveda)
Ruchi Singh, K. S. Patel, I. P. Anand, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar
Thalassemia is the commonest single gene disorder in India. About 10,000 infants with Thalassemia major are born every year. The present study was under taken with a hope to prevail better quality of life to the Thalassemic patients. Pallor being the chief complaint, a randomized controlled trial was undertaken with Dhatri Avaleha as it is specially mentioned for Pandu, Kamala & Haleemaka Roga. Children between age group of 1 to 15 years were randomly divided in two groups: Drug treated group (Group A) and Control group (Group B). Assessment was done on subjective and objective parameters after 30 and 60 days of treatment with follow up of two month. Statistically significant (P<0.01) result was obtained in Blood transfusion interval in group ‘A’ in comparison to group ‘B’. Dhatri Avaleha may have a potential to increase blood transfusion interval and decrease secondary infection and thus it can be used as supportive therapy with modern medical management. ||Read More||
By Ayurmitra Dr. K.S.R. Prasad
at : National Campaigns on Ksharasutra, Geriatric care, Anemia Control, Management of Chronic Diseases and Mother & Child Health Care through Ayurveda – workshop
Organized by: National Ayurveda Research Institute for Vector Borne Diseases, Vijayawada (Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, Dept. of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India)
In Association with: Dr. N. R. S. Govt. Ayurvedic College, Vijayawada on 27th March 2011
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Brachytherapy (from the Greek word brachys, meaning “short-distance”), also known as internal radiotherapy, sealed source radiotherapy, curietherapy or endocurietherapy, is a form of radiotherapy where a radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment. Brachytherapy is commonly used as an effective treatment for cervical, prostate, breast, and skin cancer and can also be used to treat tumours in many other body sites. Brachytherapy can be used alone or in combination with other therapies such as surgery, External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) and chemotherapy.
In contrast to EBRT in which high-energy x-rays are directed at the tumour from outside the body, brachytherapy involves the precise placement of radiation sources directly at the site of the cancerous tumour. A key feature of brachytherapy is that the irradiation only affects a very localized area around the radiation sources. Exposure to radiation of healthy tissues further away from the sources is therefore reduced. In addition, if the patient moves or if there is any movement of the tumour within the body during treatment, the radiation sources retain their correct position in relation to the tumour. These characteristics of brachytherapy provide advantages over EBRT – the tumour can be treated with very high doses of localised radiation, whilst reducing the probability of unnecessary damage to surrounding healthy tissues.
A course of brachytherapy can be completed in less time than other radiotherapy techniques. This can help reduce the chance of surviving cancer cells dividing and growing in the intervals between each radiotherapy dose. Patients typically have to make fewer visits to the radiotherapy clinic compared with EBRT, and the treatment is often performed on an outpatient basis. This makes treatment accessible and convenient for many patients. These features of brachytherapy reflect that most patients are able to tolerate the brachytherapy procedure very well.
Brachytherapy represents an effective treatment option for many types of cancer. Treatment results have demonstrated that the cancer cure rates of brachytherapy are either comparable to surgery and EBRT, or are improved when used in combination with these techniques. In addition, brachytherapy is associated with a low risk of serious adverse side effects.
Sleep Medicine: A Guide to Sleep and its Disorders Second Edition
Wiley-Blackwell | 2005 | ISBN-10: 1405123938 | 336 pages | PDF | 5.6MB
On average people spend one third of their lifetime sleeping. An understanding of the physiology and pathophysiological changes that take place during this time is, therefore, essential to the medical care of patients. Sleep disorders can arise from a variety of causes including respiratory, psychiatric and neurological conditions, as well as pain and lifestyle changes. Consequently, they present to a wide range of clinicians who require an overview of their diagnosis and treatment.
The book is divided into three sections. The first group of chapters considers the fundamentals of sleep, the effects of drugs on sleep and how to assess sleep complaints. The main body of the book consists of chapters on individual sleep disorders. Each of these has a structured approach, outlining both assessment and treatment. Insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, awareness during sleep and behavioural abnormalities are covered. The final chapters deal with the important respiratory consequences of upper airway dysfunction, changes in the control of breathing during sleep and the social implications of sleep problems.
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Obesity (Health and Medical Issues Today)
Greenwood Press | 2006 | ISBN: 0313334609 | Pages: 248 | PDF | 1.65 MB
Every day, newspapers and television news programs present stories on the latest controversies over healthcare and medical advances, but they do not have the space to provide detailed background on the issues. Websites and weblogs provide information from activists and partisans intent on presenting their side of a story. But where can students – or even ordinary citizens – go to obtain unbiased, detailed background on the medical issues affecting their daily lives? This volume in the Health and Medical Issues Today series provides readers and researchers a balanced, in-depth introduction to the medical, scientific, legal, and cultural issues surrounding obesity and its import in today’s world of healthcare. Obesity is organized to provide researchers with easy access to the information they need:
Section 1 provides overview chapters on the background information needed to intelligently understand the issues and controversies surrounding obesity, such as the physiology of obesity and the business of the diet industry Section 2 offers capsule examinations of the contemporary issues and debates that provoke the most heated disagreements and misunderstandings, such as whether obesity is an illness and the connection between weight and genetics Section 3 includes reference material on obesity, including primary source documents from important players in the struggle over obesity, a timeline of important events, and an annotated bibliography of useful print and electronic resources. This volume in the Health and Medical Issues Today series provides everything a student requires to understand the issues involved in obesity and provides a springboard for further research into the issue.
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